Saturday, December 27, 2008

Mir Syed Ali Zafar Baquiri al Termezi

He had great ability to organize, to mobilize, and to lead. He had courage to fight for right. He lived a dignified life and died with honor. Never compromise with his ideology and never let the way to corruption in his life, Syed Ali Zafar is recognized well long after he left this world.
Born in the family of repute he started his life as an engineer in UPPCL. Was the founder member of Hydro Electric Employees Union, PWD Employees Union of UP and lot more to count upon in Private organizations and PSU’s. Till life he remained a devoted cadre of INTUC.
He was the third of six sons to Maulvi Syed Mir Murtaza Hussain al Baquari al Termezi.
Also he is well remembered for his social behavior and the work done for the downtrodden people. His memories remain alive with people all around the country for all the services he made to them. He is no more but his teachings and the ideology stand tall infallible grand light tower that guides us to do better.

Thursday, December 25, 2008

Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain alias Vaqarul Mulk

He was an able administrator, a good manager to liaison with and a man with multi-facial personality. He was born in Amroha, but through his administrative skills he found a job of Tehseeldar with Nizam of Hyderabad, who later promoted him as one of his able minister.
Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain alias Nawab Waqar Ul Mulk was later found by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan to assist him in his great academic mission to liberalize the Muslims of Indian subcontinent i.e. Aligarh movement. At Aligarh he proved to be the man of worth. He was the one who insisted the likes of Nizam to loose big buck from their enormous wealth for the mission. His academic and administrative skills made him the man who can never be forgotten by the Aligarh community.
At home in Amroha very few people know about him. Although, a beautiful gate stand tall in his sweet memory as Waqar Gate near railway station but his last rest place lye ruined.
His ancestral graveyard, known as Allhu Ka Bada at Bijnore road is a place where no one will ever consider a revisit. Place looks more like a ditch than a resting place of a majestic administrator. Heavily encroached, this graveyard is under threat of demolition by land mafia. A recent revelation about his resting place is that it has been sold out. None other but his own descendents have done the act that may leave his grave bulldozed some day.

Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Mir Mubarak Ali Khan

Mir Mubarak Ali Khan alias Mubarak Shah was the father of two great legendary characters of the medieval history, the genius Abul Fazal and Faizi. Both the brothers were acknowledged for their genius in languages, literature, history and languages. Akbar included both of them to his inner coterie of Navratnas. Mir Mubarak Ali was an academician of repute. He had travelled all long from Iran and founded a school in Azampur village, which is not even a reflection of golden shadow associated with its past.

Tomb of Talib khan

He was one of the great warriors in the ranks of Mughal legend Akbar. He was made in charge to the Khader area, Azampur and Saundhan. His primary duty was to check the invasion of Kathers and Ahars, who had been a prime threat to Delhi Sultanate. Since the early days of the establishment, Delhi Sultanate was never let to ease by these earlier inhabitants of the area.
His Status
The inscription about his status, The Ayat ul Kursi( Q'uranic scripture) and his relations With Akbar and Mughal Court

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Azampur: Graveyard of Dehi Sultanate

Some 27 kilometers from Gajraula in the plains of river Ganga, is situated a small village named Khawdi. Readers may think why I am talking about this distant hamlet, but surely you all will enjoy my tour to this historic place. Mandi Dhanaura was once an important trade place for agro products and specially the pulses and sugar. Situated on Gajraula- Bijnore road this place is 18 Km to west of NH24 and Khawdi is situated on a connecting road to Sherpur village.
During the battle of Mahabharata it is said that the ally of Kauravas and a great warrior Jarasamha was killed at this place to the hand of Bhim, a Pandava. Muslims have another reason to worship this place. It is the shrine of Baba Ratan Sen which attracts lot of devotees every year. He is said to be the first Indian to pay the pilgrimage to Mecca in the times of Prophet Mohammed. Locals proudly narrate a story. He was the witness to the event of partition of Moon by the holy Prophet. He was so amused to the event that he decided to visit the epicenter of the incident. In the quest to enquire the reality he reached Mecca and met the Holy Prophet, they say. For the local residents he is probably the first Indian Muslims.
This is not an end to the history. Mubarak Shah, the father of Abul Fazal and Faizi, the navratnas of Mughal Emperor Akbar settled t a place nearby, presently known as Azampur. Mubarak Shah had traveled all long from Persia. He established a Madaris here which has now been limited to ruins. People call it the Birbal ka school and they believe that the dust of the place has the supernatural power of intelligence. They use it as medicine for mentally challenged Childs. Abul Fazal and Faizi spent there childhood in this village only and received there primary education in this very, the Birbal ka school.
Later both the brothers due to their extraordinary skills found themselves employed with Mughal court. Later they summoned there teacher Mahboob Shah to the court and on their acknowledgement he was engaged as treasurer to the royal treasury. One can found a marvelous tomb in Azampur on the grave of Mahboob Shah.
Another legendry warrior of Akbar, Mir Syed Talib Ali Khan was also from Azampur Khawdi. Akbar himself attended his funeral and ordered to build a beautiful tomb on his grave. The tomb of Talib Khan and a mosque in a village have a foundation stone with inscriptions related to Jalauddin Muhammad Akbar, the emperor of Delhi. Another great legend from the village is Firoz Khan whose grave lie unnoticed out side the Akbar Mosque.
Actually I was in Mandi Dhanaura for my personal work when someone asked me to report something about Khawdi and Azampur in media. It may have been an awesome feeling to visit such an important place but sorry to say I was much disturbed. The inscriptions related to Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar were severely damaged by some ignorant people. The place was illegally encroached and as usually seen in India, no one was vigilant enough to stop the damage. The tomb of Talib Khan paid heavy price due to the Inscription in Persian and a Quranic scripture, as there was a rumor that this was an address to a treasure hidden by the former General of Mughal. Local Administration has no Idea about the place and locals are unaware about its importance. Only a warning signboard by Archeological Survey of India at the tomb of Mahboob Shah can be seen. Although what ASI has done here is also in controversy. One of the residents Rafiq Warsi told me that ASI had took over the place some year back and left their task unfinished. Also they demolished the outer boundary of the shrine of Mubarak Shah, the father of Abul Fazal and Faizi in the name of reconstruction. Till date no repair ahs been undertaken by ASI, despite many letters has been written by the family of Rafiq Shah.
One another upset came one year later. Again I had to visit a place for wrong reasons. On a call from one of my informer when I visited Khawdi, I found that on the shrine of Baba Haji Ratan Sen an annual Urs was being observed. On the occasion some dance party had been called and the whole night in the name of entertainment C-grade stuff was being offered. The bar girls almost naked were on the stage and the rest was below standard to be mentioned in words.
Now the locality is well known for criminals, the mafia and the hideout for anti socials. Everyday mourning is being observed by the souls of the demised legends of the place. May be they wish for the return of golden days of the past and moreover to end the bad days to their last resting place.

Friday, December 19, 2008

My love for Amroha

My affection with Amroha dates back to my birth. Famous as the land of peace, Amroha has always been fertile land for culture, arts and literature. This ancient town was mentioned by Ibn Batoota as a beautiful city in his Safarnama.
One may find the deep rooted Ganga- Jamini Tahzeeb in Amroha. A place here Dargahs and the Khanqahs spread all around the city. People here are culturally embedded to each other in such a way that it is not easy to distinguish their religious and sectarian identity.
For me it one of the most beautiful moments of life to see the Hindu poets like Masoom Tandon, Pt. Ramnath Sharma Raman and Pt. Bhuvnesh Sharma reciting the couplets in praise of Prophet Mohammed, Imam Hussein and Maula Ali. Although I have some personal reservations regarding the fascist connections of Pt. Ramnath Sharma and Vimal Kishore Vandematram, yet their personal behavior with me was always affectionate. Same is in the case of Dr. Ashok Rustagi, his wife Dr. Bina Rustagi both academicians and one of my most affectionate local guardian. Among other non –Muslim elites I would mention Shiv Swarup Tandon, Hari Singh Maurya, Neeraj Sharma, Paras Amrohi and late Rajveer Yadav. These all are the name to which I am a great admirer in the city, despite of their cultural and religious background.
Some of the places I liked most are the Shrines of Sufi Saint Hazrat Sharafuddin Shah Vilayat, Shah Nasruddin, Bhoore Khan Shaheed, Shah Abban Bade e Chisht, Shah Abdul Hadi and also much talked Sri Vasudev teerth.
At the very first time I was attending the Muharram possessions in the year 1998 to my utter surprise I found everybody directly involved in the mourning. Whether a Hindu or a Sikh, Christian or a Muslim Sunni, Jamati or a Shia. Josh Malihabadi had once said
Insaan ko bedar to ho lene do, Har Qaum pukaregi hamare hain Hussain. I was just witnessing that bedari. Similarly I planned a story shoot at Vasudev teerth, where I found that most of the visitor to the place was Muslim women and children. This place is also unique in character as one may find a shrine of Meera Saddo, a Gurudwara and an ancient temple side by side in a same campus. For almost six years I have covered Amroha, ranging from cultural, socio-political and religious aspects and I have found a place marvelous. Thank to God I was born in Amroha, as the fact makes my character more secular, peaceful and tolerable.

Thursday, December 18, 2008

Gajraula; place of my mentorship


Let me introduce you all to the place, where my childhood days saw me rising to the glorious heights.Jai Bharat Bal Vidhya Mandir was the first school where I was enrolled but soon I found myself in the premices of St. Mary’s Convent School, which was just established by the missionaries of charity and I was among the first ten students registered with the school
Gajraula is located at 28°51′N 78°14′E / 28.85, 78.23 It has an average elevation of 207
metres (679 feet).its a major industrial town specially developed by the govt of uttar pradesh.As of 2001[update] India census, Gajraula had a population of 39,826. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gajraula has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 46%. In Gajraula, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.
About the history of Gajraula, there are no proper evidences but a myth is often qouted. Gaj is a Sanskrit synonumn for elephant. It is said that a local village market was famous for the trading of elephants and their shout ( raula) was often heard here, so the place came to be known as Gajraula.It was a part of Khader locality under the Sambhal pargana during the Mughals regime. What makes a place important is its geographic location. River Ganges flow nearby (6-7 km). A crossroad for two important roots till date. Bijnore-Badayun road bisects Delhi Lucknow highway at Gajraula. Important historical places nearby are Garhmukteshwar (18KM)an important Hindu pilgrim place, Brijghat (12KM), Hasanpur (12 KM), Azampur (20 KM), village of Ab
ul Fazal and Faizi the navratnas of Mughal emperor Akbar, Mandi Dhanaura( 16 KM), Bachhraun (10 KM) and Amroha (27 KM).
Historically, the palce has witnessed many battles and karavan of magestic rulers passed through the place. Some of the incidents of Mahabharata are associated with the place. Balban crushed the rebellion of the Kather Rajputs here. Salar Masood Ghazi crossed the river Ganges over here. Marathas after the huge loss in the battle of Panipat to Ahmed Shah Abdali returned here and paid the last rituels of their martyrs on the bank of river Ganges. During the great Mutiny of of 1857 place witnessed various highs and lows of the great effort to get rid of the foreign rule.
Now a days Gajraula is known worldwide for its industrial outfits. Jubilant Organosys, Umang Dairies, TEVA Drugs, Insilco limited are few to mention. Plantation and nursery has grown as a cottage industry on a large scale.It is also a place associated with Chetan Chauhan( a veteran cricketer, politician and Industrialist), Rama Shanker Kaushik( a samajwadi thinker and senior politician), Syed Ali Zafar (trade unionist and a social worker), along with many others who have registered themselves as a trendsetter in various fields.
Also the gunjia-peda and kheer in Gajraula are well admired by taste lovers. Sri Ram Mandir, Tigri Dham are the must visiit palces and one can find lot of food with different tastes at the chain of dhabas along the National Highway 24.

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

And the great efforts of my Mother; Syeda Aziz Fatima

Sometimes I wonder what I would have become had I lost my mother instead of my father. I was just seven at the time of my father's untimely departure from this world.The shattering memories of those days of struggle are keenly alive in my memory. It was a battle for survival for all of us, especially for my three younger sisters. As for my mother,Aziz Fatima; no one could have expected such resistance to hardship from a lady like her, coming from a mere hamlet, who had hardly ever seen the doors of an educational institution. But she is a lady of faith and high spirit and she made all the impossible things possible for us.I remember how every night she used to tell us stories that had lessons in morals, dignity, struggle and heroic deeds. Through them all was our biggest lesson: never give in to hard times, they never last long. Although she never received formal education, she somehow arranged convent education for us. I should also praise her efforts to become compatible with contemporary times. A person who was only familiar with Urdu and fluent in the Arabic scriptures of the Holy Qu'ran, she was almost illiterate in English or Hindi. But she overturned her status with time. Today, she is at ease with both these languages. All this was the result of her hard work and the urge to learn with us.Her philosophy regarding life was very simple yet very important. She used to say, "Humanity is the best religion and love for all is the true faith; cooperation, intelligence and hard work are the best tools to sustain us; neither bad days nor good ones last long, so always be practical and learn to live with the times."This praise belongs not only to my mother but also to all the women of every home. A mother is God's precious gift. I strongly feel that humanity has survived despite all calamities only due to the sincerity and goodness of mothers.

My Grandfather; Mir Maulvi Syed Murtaza Hussain al Baquiri al Termezi

It wasn’t a grand occasion but was also not less then it. Mir Maulvi Syed Murtaza Hussain was informed about a birth of a son to Mir Syed Ali Zafar Baquiri, his third son. Although my birth place was Amroha but there were similar celebrations in Amroha, Syed Nagli (my native village) and Gajraula (where my father was posted in UP State Electricity Board as Cable Engineer).
Maulvi Murtaza Hussain had witnessed all the highs and lows of his life till the. He was the witness of the great National movement to get rid of foreign rule. He had witnessed the communal drift, the partition of the country and migration of his compatriots to the new political state i.e. Pakistan.
Maulvi Saheb was regularly advised to leave the country and secure a good future in Pakistan by he denied the proposal every time. He was a cool man who believed in destiny. He also had a deep affection to his land of ancestors, their graves and belongings that he may never had met in Pakistan. Despite of heavy losses, annexing of his land holdings and loss of pension he opted to live in the land of his birth. The place which was guaranteed by his forefather Mir Syed Mohammed Baquiri, Haji al Harmain al Termezi al Hussaini, as a best refuge against economic and natural dangers. He was right to believe in himself because despite of all the hardships he faced, he managed to bring up his children in line with his family legacy.
His grandfathers were also the man great character. Mir Syed Ghalib Ali al Baquiri, his great grandfather was a learned man and was the landlord. During British regime he was delegated the magisterial powers to settle the local disputes. But during the great mutiny of 1857 he3 opted to go with the rebellion. Bakht Khan, the leader of mutiny found refuge in his home along with Shahzada Mirza Firoz Bakht, the son of Mughal Emperor Abu Muzaffar Sirajuddin Mohammed Bahadur Shah Zafar, after the failure of mutiny. The duo remained for three days along with their soldiers until a betrayer from Hasanpur informed the Nawab of Rampur and the local British resident. Mir Ghalib Ali was stripped of his land holdings and magisterial powers. He was convicted on the charges of rebellion and was awarded a capital punishment by lower court of Moradabad. The charges were later lifted off by the Privy Council but he was denied to regain his status as landlord and a local magistrate.
Murtaza Hussain was second of his three brothers Mir Syed Mujtaba Hussain al Baquiri and Mir Syed Mujahis Hussain al Baquiri. His primary education was from a seminary, a local Howza and later he specialized in comparative religion and polity. A brave man and a learned scholar Mir Murtaza Hussain al Baquiri al Termezi led a dignified life facing the threats from time and his own people but he never lost his calm. The tradition follows in the family till date. His sets of high moral conduct, sound character and social behavior still stand as a light house for the highly esteemed family of Mir Syed Ghalib Ali al Baquiri al Termezi

Syed Nagli : Life begins here


Syed Nagli, now exist as an important town of JP Nagar district of UP in India. A town with mixed population now provides basic amenities to the villages nearby and is emerging as an important trade place. At the time of my birth it was just a small village but historically it is an ancient village with rich cultural heritage. The Nagliets have proved their importance from time to time and many characters have left the deep scars on the pages of history.
It was some time the period when Sikander Lodi ruled over north India with Delhi as his capital when a family migrated from Termez (Uzbekistan) found a refuge in the forests near Sambhal(a town near by). The family was headed by Syed Mir Mohammed Baquiri, Haji Al Harmain, al Temezi al Hussaini. He soon found Sikander Lodi with him, who was on an expedition. When he met Termezi, he took him as a Sufi Mystic but soon realized that the person he met was not only highly educated but also a man of high spirit and military excellence.
Lodi was in one of his most difficult times and he grabbed the opportunity as a golden chance.He asked Termezi to lead an expedition against his rebel son and the ruler of Narwar Kot near Gwalior. First Termezi refused but couldn’t resist the will of a ruler. He left his family with a will. Later a finger with a ring was dispatched to the family as a symbol of his martyrdom by the ruler. The finger was buried and a place was come to be known as Mazar Syed Ungli (finger) after a tomb was built by Lodi as thanks to the deceased martial.
Mir Mohammed al Baquiri al Termezi will still remain with the people as a footnote on his lineage book (Shajra) whish find its root with Prophet Mohammed (SWA), via 5th Imam Mohammed Baquir (AS), the great grandson of Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS). He quotes in his will that his descendants may never be harmed by any deadly animal nor they will find themselves in a misery, unless and until they leave this place; later to be known as Said Nagli.
Although many people left the place in search of livelihood and higher education but none from his lineage separated himself from the roots. Many of them touched the heights of glory in the field of Sciences, Politics, Arts, literature and Administrative skills. I will devote a chapter to those great names from my native place who made Nagliets feel proud of them and at the end they all rest in peace on this holy land of great martyr, Syed Mir Mohammed Baquiri Haji al Harmain al Termezi al Hussaini; My beloved Syed Nagli

My Birth Place, Amroha


It was a small hamlet and not a place to be recognized but my parental village Syed Nagli, located in the heart of west Uttar Pradesh may have surely rejoiced on my birth i.e on 8th April 1980. I can claim myself a truly global in terms that I have no specific geographical identity attached to my life. Although I belong to Syed Nagli, small village in JP Nagar district; I was actually born in Amroha, a land of peace. Now you will not expect more twist regarding my native place but I have one more thing to mention. I belong to Syed Nagli, was born in Amroha but mut childhood playground was Gajraula, another industrial town on NH24 near Moradabad.