Much have been written about the beauty of Taj Mahal. This marvelous monuments is a unique example of architecture. It also represent the Persian excellence in the field.
Taj Mahal stands on the other banks of River Yamuna, just opposite to the mighty Red Fort of Agra, which was the centre of Mughal administration,until the seat of governance moved to Delhi in 1637 as the new Mughal capital. It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, princess of Persian origin. She had died while she was accompanying her husband in Burhanpur expedition, while giving birth to a child. He loved Mumtaz so much that he ordered to built a great mausoleum in her memory.
Construction began in 1631 and was completed in 22 years. Twenty thousand people were deployed to accomplish the task. Even the material was imported from central Asia and is said that 1000 elephants were used for the purpose of transportation to the site. It was designed by the great Iranian architect Ustad Isa.